(b. ca. 1951)
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Herbarium (NCU) curates well over 800 vascular plant specimens collected by Diane E. Wickland. Many were collected as vouchers for her doctoral thesis, “Vegetation patterns on derelict heavy metal mine sites in the North Carolina Piedmont.” She also made many collections with fellow graduate students David E. Boufford, Lynn A. Schram, and Emily W. Wood. Without doubt as NCU continues to catalog collections many more specimens collected by Dr. Wickland will be found.
Other herbaria curating vascular plant specimens collected by Dr. Wickland include Appalachian State University (BOON), Carnegie Museum of Natural History (CM), Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University (A), James F. Matthews Center for Biodiversity Studies (UNCC), University of South Alabama (USAM), University of Wisconsin – Madison (WIS; vascular plants & bryophytes) and College of William & Mary (WILLI).
Diane Wickland spent her childhood in Palmyra, Jefferson County, Wisconsin and received a B.A. degree from the University of Wisconsin – Madison (Botany) and M.S. (Botany) and Ph.D. (Biology/Botany) degrees from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She has conducted ecological research at the Savannah River Ecology Laboratory in Aiken, South Carolina, and at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.
Her scientific expertise includes carbon cycle science, biogeochemistry, plant ecology, remote sensing, and global ecosystem dynamics. She retired from the National Aeronautics Administration (NASA) in 2014. During her nearly 30-year career as a NASA Headquarters Program Manager she oversaw the planning and implementation of NASA’s terrestrial ecological and biogeochemical research programs. This work involved planning future research, arranging for peer review of proposals and projects, recommending and managing funded research, and reporting on accomplishments. She organized numerous field campaigns and NASA research aircraft deployments and served as Program Scientist for satellite and suborbital missions and data systems.
She also served on and chaired the U.S. Global Change Research Program’s Carbon Cycle Interagency Working Group, the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites’s Carbon Task Force, and the Ecological Society of America’s (ESA) Board of Professional Certification. Diane Wickland is a certified Senior Ecologist under ESA’s Professional Certification Program. She is the 2007 recipient of the American Geophysical Union’s Edward A. Flinn III Award and was elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in 2014. She is currently serving as a member of the AAAS Council (2017-2020) and the ESA’s Board of Professional Certification (2019-2021).
CEOS. 2014. CEOS Strategy for Carbon Observations from Space. The Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) Response to the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) Carbon Strategy. (D. Wickland and M. Nakajima, Carbon Task Force Co-Chairs and Eds.) JAXA and I&A Corporation. 202 pp.
Ciais, P., A. J. Dolman, A. Bombelli, R. Duren, A. Peregon, P. J. Rayner, C. Miller, N. Gobron, G. Kinderman, G. Marland, N. Gruber, F. Chevallier, R. J. Andres, G. Balsamo, L. Bopp, F.-M. Bréon, G. Broquet, R. Dargaville, T. J. Battin, A. Borges, H. Bovensmann, M. Buchwitz, J. Butler, J. G. Canadell, R. B. Cook, R. DeFries, R. Engelen, K. R. Gurney, C. Heinze, M. Heimann, A. Held, M. Henry, B. Law, S. Luyssaert, J. Miller, T. Moriyama, C. Moulin, R. B. Myneni, C. Nussli, M. Obersteiner, D. Ojima, Y. Pan, J.-D. Paris, S. L. Piao, B. Poulter, S. Plummer, S. Quegan, P. Raymond, M. Reichstein, L. Rivier, C. Sabine, D. Schimel, O. Tarasova, R. Valentini, R. Wang, G. van der Werf, D. Wickland, M. Williams, and C. Zehner. 2014. Current systematic carbon-cycle observations and the need for implementing a policy-relevant carbon observing system. Biogeosciences 11: 3547-3602. doi:10.5194/bg-11-3547-2014
Hurtt, George, Diane Wickland, Kenneth Jucks, Kevin Bowman, Molly Brown, Riley Duren,
Stephen Hagen, and Ariane Verdy. 2014. NASA Carbon Monitoring System: Prototype Monitoring, Reporting, and Verification Progress Report and Future Plans. NASA Web Publication available at: http://carbon.nasa.gov/pdfs/2014_CarbonMonitoringSystem_ProgressReport.pdf. 37 pp.
Kasischke, Eric S., Daniel J. Hayes, Sharon Billings, Natalie Boelman, Stephen Colt, Joshua Fisher, Scott Goetz, Peter Griffith, Guido Grosse, Forrest Hall, Robert Harriss, Jeremy Karchut, Elisabeth Larson, Michelle Mack, A. David McGuire, Donald McLennan, Juha Metsaranta, Charles Miller, Michael Rawlins, Robert Striegl, Matthew Sturm, Colm Sweeney, Ruth Varner, Diane Wickland, Stan Wullschleger. 2014. A Concise Experiment Plan for the Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment. NASA Web Publication available at: http://above.nasa.gov/acep/acep_final_pdf.pdf. 102 pp.
Wickland, Diane and Ralph Dubayah. 2012. Remote Sensing of Three-Dimensional Vegetation Structure and Biomass Dynamics. In: Proceedings, IEEE – International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Munich, Germany, July 23-27, 2012.
Hall, Forrest G., Kathleen Bergen, James B. Blair, Ralph Dubayah, Richard Houghton, George Hurtt, Josef Kellndorfer, Michael Lefsky, Jon Ranson, Sassan Saatchi, H.H. Shugart, Diane Wickland. 2011. Characterizing 3D vegetation structure from space: Mission requirements. Remote Sensing of Environment 115: 2753–2775. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2011.01.024
Liang, S. M. Schaepman, T. Jackson, D. Jupp, X. Li, J. Liu, R. Liu, A. Strahler, J. Townshend, and D. Wickland. 2008. Emerging issues in land remote sensing, Chapter 19, in S. Liang (Ed.), Advances in Land Remote Sensing: System, Modeling, Inversion and Application, Springer, ISBN 978-1-4020-6449-4, 485-494.
Wickland, Diane E. 2008. Climate Change: Biological and Human Aspects (Book Review). EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 89(35):325.
Michener, William K., David D. Breshears, Carolyn T. Hunsaker, and Diane E. Wickland. 2007. Professional Certification: Increasing Ecologists’ Effectiveness. (Editorial) Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5(8):399.
Nickeson, J. E., J. T. Morisette, J. L. Privette, C. O. Justice, and D. E. Wickland. 2007. Coordinating Earth Observing System Land Validation. EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 88(7):81-82.
Wickland, Diane E., Roger Dahlman, Jessica Orrego, Richard A. Birdsey, Paula Bontempi, Marilyn Buford, Nancy Cavallaro, Sue Conard, Rachael Craig, Michael Jawson, Anna Palmisano, Don Rice, Ed Sheffner, David Shultz, Bryce Stokes, Kathy Tedesco, and Charles Trees. 2003. Carbon Cycle, pp. 71-82. In: Strategic Plan for the U.S. Climate Change Science Program: A Report by the Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research, Washington, DC.
Cihlar, Josef, R. Scott Denning, Frank Ahern, Olivier Arino, Alan Belward, Francis Bretherton, Wolfgang Cramer, Gerard Dedieu, Christopher Field, Roger Francey, Rene Gommes, James Gosz, Kathy Hibbard, Tamotsu Igarashi, Pavel Kabat, Dick Olson, Stephen Plummer, Ichtiaque Rasool, Michael Raupach, Robert Scholes, John Townshend, Riccardo Valentini, and Diane Wickland. 2002. Initiative to Quantify Terrestrial Carbon Sources and Sinks. EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 83(1):1, 6-7.
Nobre, Carlos, A., Diane Wickland, and Pavel Kabat. 2001. Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA). Global Change Newsletter 45: 1-4.
Ranson, K. J. and D. E. Wickland. 2001. EOS Terra: First Data and Mission Status. Global Change Newsletter 45: 23-31.
Smith, J. A., D. E. Wickland, M. K. Crawford, J. Cihlar, and J. L. Schnase. 2001. Advancing our Biological and Ecological Predictive Capabilities. In: Proceedings, IEEE – International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Sydney, Australia, July 9-13, 2001.
Wickland, D. E., M. Keller, C. Nobre, P. Kabat. 2001. Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA). In: Global Change Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, John Wiley and Sons Ltd.
Justice, C., D. Starr, D. Wickland, J. Privette, and T. Suttles. 1998. EOS Land Validation Coordination: An Update. The Earth Observer 10(3): 55-60.
Privette, J. L., D. W. Deering, and D. E. Wickland. 1997. Report on the Workshop on Multiangular Remote Sensing for Environmental Applications. NASA Technical Memorandum 113202, pp. 54.
Nobre, C.A., A.J. Dolman, J.H.C. Gash, R.W.A. Hutjes, D.J. Jacob, A.C. Janetos, P. Kabat, M. Keller, J.A. Marengo, R.J. McNeal, J. Melillo, P.J. Sellers, D.E. Wickland, and S.C. Wofsy, Eds. 1996. The Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA): Concise Experiment Plan. SC-DLO, Wageningen, Netherlands. 44 pp.
Sellers, P., F. Hall, H. Margolis, B. Kelly, D. Baldocchi, G. den Hartog, J. Cihlar, M. G. Ryan, B. Goodison, P. Crill, K. J. Ranson, D. Lettenmaier, and D. E. Wickland. 1996. The Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study (BOREAS): An Overview and Early Results. pp. 1-4. In: Proceedings of the 22nd Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology and 12th Conference on Biometeorology, American Meteorological Society, Boston, MA, January 28 – February 2, 1996.
Sellers, P., F. Hall, H. Margolis, B. Kelly, D. Baldocchi, G. den Hartog, J. Cihlar, M. Ryan, B. Goodison, P. Crill, K. J. Ranson, D. Lettenmaier, and D. Wickland. 1995. The Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study (BOREAS): An Overview and Early Results from the 1994 Field Year. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 76(9):1549-1577.
Wickland, D. 1994. Terrestrial Ecology Interests in a Brazilian Study. Revista Brasileira de Geofisica 12(1): 29-31.
Bolle, H.-J., J.-C. Andre, J. L. Arrue, H. K. Barth, P. Bessemoulin, A. Brasa, H. A. R. de Bruin, J. Cruces, G. Dugdale, E. T. Engman, D. L. Evans, R. Fantechi, F. Fiedler, A. van de Griend, A. C. Imeson, A. Jochum, P. Kabat, T. Kratzsch, J.-P. Lagouarde, I. Langer, R. Llamas, E. Lopez-Baeza, J. Melia Mirales, L. S. Muniosguren, F. Nerry, J. Noilhan, H. R. Oliver, R. Roth, S. S. Saatchi, J. Sanchez Diaz, M. de Santa Olalla, W. J. Shuttleworth, H. Sogaard, H. Stricker, J. Thornes, M. Vauclin, and D. Wickland. 1993. EFEDA: European Field Experiment in a Desertification-Threatened Area. Ann. Geophysicae 11:173-189.
Sakata, T., K. Nakane, H. Shimoda, D. E. Wickland, and S. Vibulsresth, Eds.. 1991. Application of Remote Sensing for Resources Monitoring and Vegetation Mapping. Proceedings of the Symposium on the Fifth International Congress of Ecology, Yokohama, Japan, August 25, 1990. Research and Information Center, Tokai University, Tokyo, Japan. pp. 147.
Wickland, Diane E. 1991. Mission to Planet Earth: The Ecological Perspective. Ecology 72(6): 1923-1933.
Wickland, Diane E. 1991. Global Ecology: The Role of Remote Sensing. pp. 725-749. In: Modern Ecology: Basic and Applied Aspects (G. Esser and D. Overdieck, Eds.). Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Wickland, Diane E., Ghassem Asrar, and Robert E. Murphy. 1991. NASA Multisensor Airborne Campaigns (MACs) for Ecosystem and Watershed Studies. pp. 71-72. In: Proceedings of the Fourth Airborne Geoscience Workshop, La Jolla, California, January 29-February 1, 199l.
Wickland, Diane E. 1990. Vegetation of Heavy Metal Contaminated Soils in North America. pp. 39-51. In: Heavy Metal Tolerance in Plants: Evolutionary Aspects (A. J. Shaw, Ed.). CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL.
Wickland, Diane E. 1989. Future Directions for Remote Sensing in Terrestrial Ecological Research. pp. 691-724. In: Theory and Applications of Optical Remote Sensing (G. Asrar, Ed.). John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY.
Asrar, G., D. E. Wickland, M. Baltuck, M. J. Ruzek, and R. E. Murphy. 1988. Remote Sensing of Land Processes: Sponsored Programs of Study by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. pp. 1855-1858. In: Proceedings, IEEE – International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Edinburgh, Scotland, September 13-16, 1988.
Murphy, R. E., M. Baltuck, M. Ruzek, and D. E. Wickland. 1988. NASA’s Future Land Remote Sensing Program. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Colloquium on Spectral Signatures of Objects in Remote Sensing, Aussois, France, January 18-22, 1988.
Ford, J. P., D. E. Wickland, and R. R. Sharitz. 1985. Mapping Diverse Forest Cover with Multipolarization Airborne Radar. pp. 53-58. In: Proceedings, NASA/JPL Aircraft SAR Workshop (N. Donovan, D. Evans, and D. Held, Eds.), Pasadena, CA, February 4-5, 1985. JPL Publication 85-39.
Ford, J. P., D. E. Wickland, A. Ocampo, and R. R. Sharitz. 1985. Mapping Diverse Vegetation with Multichannel Radar Image Data Sets. pp. 693-699. In: Proceedings, International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, Fourth Thematic Conference, Remote Sensing for Exploration Geology, San Francisco, CA, April 1-4, 1985.
Wickland, Diane E. 1985. AIS Spectra for Stressed and Unstressed Plant Communities in the Carolina Slate Belt. pp. 31-35. In: Proceedings, AIS Data Users Workshop, Pasadena, CA, April 8-10, 1985. JPL Publication 85-52.
Ford, J. P. and D. E. Wickland. 1985. Forest Discrimination with Multipolarization Imaging Radar. pp. 462-469. In: Proceedings, IEEE – International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Amherst, MA, October 7-9, 1985.
Wickland, Diane E. 1984. Remote Sensing of Stressed Vegetation in the Carolina Slate Belt. pp. 609-614. In: Proceedings, International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, Third Thematic Conference, Remote Sensing for Exploration Geology, Colorado Springs, CO, April 16-19, 1984.
Wickland, Diane E. 1983. Patterns of Vegetation Response to Heavy Metal Stress. pp. 717-726. In: Proceedings, International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, Second Thematic Conference, Remote Sensing for Exploration Geology, Fort Worth, TX, December 6-10, 1982.
Wickland, D. E. 1983. Vegetation Patterns on Derelict Heavy Metal Mine Sites in the North Carolina Piedmont. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. pp. 623.
Wickland, D., S. Sathyendranath, B. Moore, S. Plummer, R. Dubayah, C. Schmullius, E. Larson, and M. Nakajima. 2014. Space-Based Carbon Observations for Climate. Climate Symposium, Darmstadt, Germany, 13-17 October 2014.
Wickland, D., M. Nakajima, N. Gobron, S. Sathyendranath, B. Moore, S. Plummer, R. Dubayah, C. Schmullius 2014. CEOS Strategy for Carbon Observations from Space. 40th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, Moscow, Russia, 2–10 August 2014.
Wickland, Diane E., Ghassem Asrar, and Robert E. Murphy. 1991. NASA 1990 Multisensor Airborne Campaigns (MACs) for Ecosystem and Watershed Studies. Fourth Airborne Geoscience Workshop, La Jolla, CA, January 29 – February 1, 1991.
Wickland, Diane E. 1988. Future Directions in Remote Sensing Research for Ecology. Bull. ESA 69(2):341.
Wickland, Diane E. and Barrett N. Rock. 1984. Characterization of Plant Communities Using High Spectral Resolution Remote Sensing. Amer. J. Bot. 71(5) Part 2:94.
Sharitz, Rebecca R., Diane E. Wickland, and Rebecca L. Schneider. 1983. Distribution of Swamp Communities along Two Major Environmental Gradients. Bull ESA 64:173.
Wickland, Diane E. 1982. Patterns of Vegetation Response to Heavy Metal Stress. BSA Misc. Ser. Publ. 162:44.
Wickland, Diane E. 1981. The Vegetation of Derelict Heavy Metal Mine Sites in the Carolina Slate Belt, North Carolina. Bull. ESA 62:142-143.
Wickland, Diane E. 1981. Lead, Zinc, and Copper Concentrations in Plants from Derelict Heavy Metal Mine Sites in the Carolina Slate Belt. BSA Misc. Ser. Publ. 160:35.
Wickland, Diane E. and Laura Mansberg. 1981. Nutrient and Heavy Metal Concentrations in Plants from Olivine Outcrops and Derelict Mine Sites in North Carolina. ASB Bull. 28:99-100.
Callauch, R., D. Wickland, and H. Lieth. 1979. Comparative Phenological Observations of Plants on Heavy Metal Mine Soils and Normal Soils. p. 167. In: Abstracts, 8th International Congress of Biometeorology, Shefayim, Israel, September 9-15, 1979.
Wickland, Diane E. 1979. Lygodium palmatum (Bernh.) Swartz (Schizaeaceae), a Heavy Metal Accumulator from North Carolina. ASB Bull. 26:71-72.
Wickland, Diane E. 1976. The Occurrence of Lygodium palmatum (Bernh.) Swartz (Schizaeaceae) on Heavy Metal Mines in the Piedmont of North Carolina. ASB Bull. 23:105.
Other Significant Reports Authored, Edited, or Overseen (role noted in parentheses):
CCSP. 2007. The First State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR): The North American Carbon Budget and Implications for the Global Carbon Cycle. A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research [King, A.W., L. Dilling, G.P. Zimmerman, D.M. Fairman, R.A. Houghton, G. Marland, A.Z. Rose, and T.J. Wilbanks (eds.)]. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Climate Data Center, Asheville, NC, USA. 242 pp. (Wickland led the Agency Executive Committee that facilitated the development of the report]
Terrestrial Carbon Theme Team. 2001. IGOS-P Carbon Cycle Observation Theme: Terrestrial and Atmospheric Components. A report to the Integrated Global Observing Strategy – Partnership. (Wickland was a co-author as a member of Terrestrial Carbon Theme Team)
National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 1993. A Strategic Plan for the NASA Terrestrial Ecology Program. pp. 16. (Wickland oversaw development and approved final version; J. Landsberg was author)