(20 April 1820 – 21 July 1908)
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Herbarium (NCU) has cataloged ten vascular plant specimens collected by Joachim Heinrich Schuette (pronounced “SHOOT-ee”) – all are from Wisconsin. As more of NCU’s collection is cataloged it is possible more will be found.
The Harvard Herbaria Index of Botanists list the herbaria curating Schuette’s specimens as F (30,000 specimens; Field Museum, Chicago, Illinois, USA), A (Arnold Arboretum, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA), DS (Dudley Herbarium, now held by CAS, California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco, California, USA), K (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England, UK), L (Nationaal Herbarium Nederland, Leiden University, Netherlands), NY (New York Botanical Garden, New York, USA), and US (Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., USA).1
A search of online herbarium portals in 2021 revealed Schuette’s specimens can also be found in the holdings of MO (Missouri Botanical Garden), ILL (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign), MICH (University of Michigan), and WIS (University of Wisconsin, Madison).2
Schuette was born in Uelzen, Hannover (modern day Germany) in 1821 and emigrated to the United States in 1874. He had five children. He and daughter, Clara, lived at 513 Pine Street in Green Bay. In Wright’s Directory of Green Bay 1900, his is listed as “botanist” and Clara is listed as “music teacher.” He edited various German language newspapers, including Volk Zeitung and Wisconsin Staats-Zeitung, in Green Bay, Wisconsin. He was editor of Volk Zeitung from 1874-1879, and the Staats-Zeitung from 1876-1877.3
Joachim Heinrich Schuette died on 21 July, 1908 and is buried in Woodlawyn Cemetery, Green Bay, Brown County, Wisconsin.4
In the 1910 US Federal Census, two years after Joachim died, Clara is listed as single, head of household, music teacher. Also living in her house is a lodger, 27 year old Louis Gash, a Lutheran clergyman. In the 1920 US Federal Census, Clara, now age 68, is listed as single, head of household, and music teacher in her home.
One of Joachim’s sons, Fred F. G. Schuette (age 56 in 1910 US census; commercial traveler with “Wh. Crockery” [White’s Crockery]), along with his wife, Hellen [sic], and children Fred O. (22; bookkeeper at bank), Amanda (22; high school teacher), and Sibil [sic] C. (16), lived on South 10th Street in Green Bay. Two other children, Henry A. and Marie are not listed in the 1910 census. Fred O. Schuette became head cashier at the Kellogg-Citizens National Bank; Sibyl Schuette, was Head Librarian of the Brown County [Wisconsin] Public Library from 1932 to 1956; and Henry Schuette became a professor of chemistry at University of Wisconsin, Madison.
W.W. Ashe named Crataegus schuettei in Joachim Schuette’s honor (J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Society. 17(2): 7-8. 1901.). NCU holds two paratypes of Crataegus schuettei var. cuneata and an isotype of Crateagus schuettei var. gigantea.
Two other taxa were named in Joachim Schuette’s honor. Quercus x schuettei, a hybrid between Q. bicolor and Q. macrocarpon, was named in Schuette’s honor by William Trelease (1857-1945). The holotype of Rosa schuetteana Erlanson, collected from Cheboygan County, Michigan in 1924, is at MO.
Schuette, J. H. (1903) The hawthorns of northeastern Wisconsin. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 16: 91-98. http://books.google.com/books?id=iSkUAAAAYAAJ&lpg=PA91&ots=iuUbBApyNP&dq=hawthorns%20of%20northeastern%20wisconsin&pg=PA91#v=onepage&q=hawthorns%20of%20northeastern%20wisconsin&f=false
1. Stafleu & Cowan (1985) Taxonomic Literature, 2nd edition, Volume 5: 365.
2. Data Portal. 2021. http//:sernecportal.org/index.php. Accessed on April 20.
3. Mary Jane Herber, Librarian, Local History & Geneology Department, Brown County Public Library, Green Bay, Wisconsin.
4. Find A Grave Memorial # 8334188 . https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/83341878/joachim-henrich-schuette accessed on 2021-04-20.